VWAP and Moving VWAP

VWAP is a trading acronym for Volume-Weighted Average Price, the ratio of the value traded to total volume traded over a particular time horizon (usually one day). It is a measure of the average price a stock traded at over the trading horizon.

VWAP is often used as a trading benchmark by investors who aim to be as passive as possible in their execution. Many pension funds, and some mutual funds, fall into this category. The aim of using a VWAP trading target is to ensure that the trader executing the order does so in-line with volume on the market. It is sometimes argued that such execution reduces transaction costs by minimizing market impact (the adverse effect of a trader's activities on the price of a security).

VWAP starts its calculation over each market day so it is only visible on intraday time frames. Moving VWAP is an x-period volume-weighted moving average. On this 15-minute chart of AAPL, you can see that VWAP (orange) starts over each day whereas the Moving VWAP is a running 30-bar volume-weighted average.